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Jesus as both God and man (Colossians 2:9)

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Colossians 2:9

For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form. (NASB)


This passage demonstrates that the Lord Jesus is both God and man. The Greek word for "Deity" is theotēs and as properly defined it proves the Lord Jesus is God. Furthermore, this passage also teaches that the Lord Jesus "dwells" (right now) in bodily form. This proves that He is also a man.


1. J. P. Louw and Eugene Nida: the nature or state of being God (Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains, 12.13, theotēs, page 140).

2. Joseph Thayer: the state of being God (Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, theotēs, page 288).

3. R. Schippers: theotēs "must mean deity, Godhead, entirety, the sum total of divine attributes" (NIDNTT 1:740, Fullness).

4. G. Schneider: theotēs means (in contrast to theiotēs, "divinity, divine quality") deity, the rank of God (2:143, theotēs, G. Schneider).

5. W. E. Vine: Paul is declaring that in the Son there dwells all the fullness of absolute Godhead; they were no mere rays of Divine glory which gilded Him, lighting up His Person for a season and with a splendor not His own; but He was, and is, absolute and perfect God; and the Apostle uses theotes to express this essential and personal Godhead of the Son" (Trench, Syn. ii). (Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, Divinity)


6. William Mounce: Jesus represents in himself all that the temple was supposed to symbolize, especially since in him all the fullness of Deity lives (cf. Col. 2:9) (Mounce's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, Temple, page 714).

7. Hobert K. Farrell: To the church at Colossae, which was struggling against heretical teachings that detracted from the person of Christ, Paul stresses that all the fullness of God dwells in Christ (1:19; 2:9). This usage is also highly theological and intends to assert the deity of Christ. (Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of the Bible, Fullness)


8. Robert Law: the organic whole of Divine attributes and powers that constitute Deity (θεότης) dwells permanently in Him (Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Fulness)


9. B. B. Warfield: All the fullness of supreme Deity dwells in Christ bodily (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Godhead).


10. BDAG (3rd Edition): bodily, corporeally

of Christ in him the whole fullness of Deity dwells bodily Col 2:9 (sōmatikōs, page 984).



See also the informative article by James White here:


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