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Christians are not under the command to obey the 7th day Sabbath (Colossians 2:16)

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Colossians 2:16

Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day. (NASB)

 

Colossians 2:16 teaches that Christians are not under the command to obey the 7th day Sabbath. If one chooses to do so it is fine as long as they don't command others to do so.

 

1. NIDNTT: Here Paul argues that the Jewish law (the legal demands) were cancelled in the death of Christ (v. 14), and therefore the Jewish food regulations and religious calendar are not binding on the Christian. Included in this ritual was the Jewish sabbath observance. These observances, Paul claims, pointed to a spiritual reality fulfilled in Christ (3:410, Sabbath, W. Stott).

2. EDNT: Questions concerning the Sabbath also play a role in the religious disputes in the church at Colossae (Col 2:16). Like festivals and new moons sabbath observance is only a shadow of what is to come (3:222, sabbaton, W. Beilner).

3. TDNT: With liberation from bondage to the elementary principles of the world the dogmata are also set aside, so that the Christian community is definitely freed from the Sabbath commandment (7:30, sabbaton, Lohse).

 

A few other things ought to be pointed out:

a. As with Colossians 2:16 in the Old Covenant the Sabbath was coupled with new moons and festivals/feasts which would include the weekly Sabbath (1 Chronicles 23:31; 2 Chronicles 2:4; 8:13; 31:3; Nehemiah 10:33; Ezekiel 45:17; Hosea 2:11). Just as Christians do not have to obey the commands in regards to new moons and festivals so too they do not have to obey the command of the 7th day Sabbath.

b. Some may insist that the plural "sabbaton" is used in Colossians 2:16 so it doesn't refer to the weekly Sabbath. However, this argument is invalid because the plural elsewhere refers to the weekly Sabbath (Luke 4:16; Exodus 20:8 LXX).

c. Still another argument used is to affirm that there isn't a definite article ("the") before "Sabbath" in Colossians 2:16 so it can't refer to the weekly Sabbath. However, there also isn't a definite article before the Sabbath in John 5:9 (in the Greek text) and yet it refers to the weekly Sabbath.

 

As pointed out elsewhere all the old Covenant commands are obsolete.[*1] Only those that are repeated in the New Covenant are binding on the Christian.[*2]

 

 

[*1] https://www.christforums.org/forum/c...te-herews-8-13

 

[*2] See post #24

https://www.christforums.org/forum/c...bath-day/page2

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I completely agree with the position stated in the OP, however, the thought of one more day reading a debate on women wearing hats makes me want to scream, so I will take the counter position just to have SOME other theological topic to discuss around here.

Hebrews 10:19-25 NASB

19 Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a [fn]sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; 24
and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, 25 not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another
; and all the more as you see the day drawing near.

While the Saints may be under no Legal compulsion to meet on Saturday and observe the specific Sabbath Laws handed down by Moses (and certainly not the Rabbinical human traditions piled upon the OT Law), it seems reasonable to ask how a Christian would propose to "stimulate one another to love and good deeds" and "encourage one another" if a Christian were to "forsake ... assembling together" by regularly denying any and all 'sabbath' days? Clearly Hebrews 10 stands opposed to the idea of forsaking assembling together, therefore placing on Christians at a minimum, the strong recommendation (if not an actual command) to assemble together. In the current culture, assembling of the saints is accomplished via pre-arranged dates and times on specific day of the week ... a 'virtual sabbath'.

 

So even if sunset Friday to sunset Saturday is no longer critical and regulated, setting aside a day and time for God and church still seems like a very good idea, or perhaps an actual requirement.

 

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