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What About Altar Calls?

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    What About Altar Calls?

    Thabiti Anyabwile

    I’m sometimes asked by people why we don’t do “altar calls” at our services. Like the people who ask the question, the churches in my personal background pretty much all practiced “altar calls” at the conclusion of a sermon or service. I’ve seen them done in very poor fashion, and I’ve seen some pastors be really clear about the gospel, repentance, faith, and the fact that “coming forward” does not save. I date my own conversion to the preaching of Exodus 32, which concluded with an altar call.

    So, why don’t we practice “altar calls”? I don’t think the pastor who practices an “invitation” at the end of a sermon is in sin, but he may not be acting wisely either. This list of reasons, compiled by Pastor Ryan Kelly of Desert Springs Church, is a pretty good summation of some of my thinking (HT: Z).

    1. The altar call is simply and completely absent from the pages of the N.T.

    2. The altar call is historically absent until the 19th century, and its use at that time (via Charles Finney) was directly based upon bad theology and a man-centered, manipulative methodology.

    3. The altar call very easily confuses the physical act of “coming forward” with the spiritual act of “coming to Christ.” These two can happen simultaneously, but too often people believe that coming to Christ is going forward (and vice-versa).

    4. The altar call can easily deceive people about the reality of their spiritual state and the biblical basis for assurance. The Bible never offers us assurance on the ground that we “went forward.”

    5. The altar call partially replaces baptism as the means of public profession of faith.

    6. The altar call can mislead us to think that salvation (or any official response to God’s Word) happens primarily on Sundays, only at the end of the service, and only “up front.”

    7. The altar call can confuse people regarding “sacred” things and “sacred” places, as the name “altar call” suggests.

    8. The altar call is not sensitive to our cautious and relational age where most people come to faith over a period of time and often with the interaction of a good friend.

    9. The altar call is often seen as “the most important part of the service”, and this de-emphasizes the truly more important parts of corporate worship which God has prescribed (preaching, prayer, fellowship, singing).

    10. God is glorified to powerfully bless the things He has prescribed (preaching, prayer, fellowship, singing), not the things we have invented. We should always be leery of adding to God’s prescriptions for His corporate worship.

    Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 10 of Ryan’s list are the most compelling reasons in my opinion. These would seem very serious objections for anyone who takes seriously the idea that our Christian lives and gatherings should conform to what the NT commands, models, and prohibits. Perhaps I would add an 11th: The “altar call” teaches the congregation to evaluate the “success” or “effectiveness” of the ministry on outward, visible actions and results.

    Further, the need to be pastorally careful and sensitive with the souls of men needing to repent and believe couldn’t be more urgent. So, anything that obscures the reality of God the Holy Spirit’s work in conversion and the necessity of repentance and faith must be regarded–at best–a practice with potential to undermine the very work we’re giving our lives to.

    Do people “respond” to the word of God at our services? They do. And we give them a number of ways they may follow up on what they’ve heard, from talking to an elder or Christian friend after the service, to scheduling an appointment during the week, to letting us know they would like us to visit with them, and so on. One thing I appreciate about our approach is that it allows us to meet, listen, question, encourage, teach and pray in a much more thorough way. By God’s grace we’re seeing people converted and profess their faith in baptism as the Spirit opens their hearts. We’re not perfect by any means. But I do hope we’re being faithful to the scripture’s commands, examples, and restrictions.

    What do you think about Kelly’s list? Are you “for” or “against” and why? Would you add anything to or challenge anything on the list?

    Some pastors lead people to the altar through the preaching of free will to come and get saved. Often, pressure to respond and come forward is used.

      I personally don't like altar calls. I find them to be a distraction.


          Instead of altar calls, the pastor should preach the true Gospel of Jesus Christ, starting with preaching us as being sinners in NEED of a Savior. Recognizing that need, those whom God chooses to give to Christ will recognize the need of having Jesus to follow, according to God's timetable and purpose. Those who remain in unbelief will be convicted in their spirit and be offended. This is why Jesus said He came not to bring peace but a sword. If anyone wants to talk to the pastor at any time about receiving the Lord as Savior, they should be allowed to do so at any time, not just at a particular time. The Arminian tentacles of false doctrine cause us to preach the Gospel badly, and for those who hear it, so much the worse, that they hear it badly.

            Just because something isn't the Bible doesn't mean it's wrong, not at all. But, thinks in the Bible, especially those in the contaxes of our practice of faith, should be examined closely. I don't like altar calls because I find them distracting, but that's just me. I also think it is part of a practice of many churches to excessively catering to new Christians (to gain members?) within their walls, which inhibits the growth of long-time Christians.

            Altar calls may also be part of a huge problem in the modern church that teaches that you can be a child of God without repenting and truly changing your life. "If you perform the unbiblical ritual of the altar call, you're now saved, go on living as you were..."

              One gets saved and then as evidence of that salvation, repents, not the other way around. Works without salvation are nothing. Ephesians 2:8-9 addresses this. Altar calls are meant to give people who aren't saved a chance to work it out with God, with the help of the pastor or deacons. Some altar calls are also where believers work out something in prayer on their knees at the altar, something weighing on their conscience.
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