The fact this is a life permitting universe is astounding. Physical constants are fine tuned to a remarkable degree. If there was only one or two physical constants, then there would be no reason to think that the universe is fine tuned. There would also be no one around to think anything because there are several physical constants and all of them must be fine tuned within a remarkably small range in order for any life to exist in this universe.

Planck length (the minimum interval of space),

Planck time (the minimum interval of time),

Planck’s constant (this determines the minimum unit of energy emission),

Velocity of light,

Gravitational attraction constant, G = 6.67 x 10-11 Nm2/kg2.

Weak force coupling constant, gw = 1.43 x 10-62.

Strong nuclear force coupling constant, gs = 15.

Rest mass of a proton,

Rest mass of an electron,

The electron or proton unit charge, e = 1.6 x 10-19 coulombs.

Minimum mass in our universe, (

Rest mass (the current observable mass of the universe) = 1053 kg.

Boltzmann’s constant,

Hubble constant,

Cosmological constant, [FONT=Times New Roman]Λ < [/FONT]10-53 (SI units).

Cosmic photon/proton ratio,

Permittivity of free space, [FONT=Times New Roman]ε [/FONT]= 8.85 x 10-12 (SI units).

Electromagnetic fine structure constant, [FONT=Times New Roman]α [/FONT]= 7.30 x 10-3 (SI units).

Weak fine structure constant, [FONT=Times New Roman]α[/FONT]w = 3.05 x 10-12 (SI units).

Gravitational fine structure constant [FONT=Times New Roman]α[/FONT]G = 5.90 x 10-39 (SI units).

**Constants of Space and Time.**Planck length (the minimum interval of space),

*l*_{[SIZE=10px]p = 1.62 x 10[/SIZE][SIZE=8px]-33 cm.[/SIZE]}Planck time (the minimum interval of time),

*t*p = 5.39 x 10-44 sec.Planck’s constant (this determines the minimum unit of energy emission),

*h*= 6.6 x 10-34 joule seconds.Velocity of light,

*c*= 300,000 km/sec.**Energy Constants.**Gravitational attraction constant, G = 6.67 x 10-11 Nm2/kg2.

Weak force coupling constant, gw = 1.43 x 10-62.

Strong nuclear force coupling constant, gs = 15.

**Individuating Constants (Composition of the Electromagnetic Force).**Rest mass of a proton,

*m*p =1.67 x 10-27 kg.Rest mass of an electron,

*m*e = 9.11 x 10-31 kg.The electron or proton unit charge, e = 1.6 x 10-19 coulombs.

Minimum mass in our universe, (

*hc*/G)½ = 2.18 x 10-8 kg.**Large-Scale and Fine Structure Constants.**Rest mass (the current observable mass of the universe) = 1053 kg.

Boltzmann’s constant,

*k*= 1.38 x 10-23 J/°KHubble constant,

*H*= 2 x 10-18 (SI units[FONT=Times New Roman]—[/FONT]le système international d’unités [metric units]).Cosmological constant, [FONT=Times New Roman]Λ < [/FONT]10-53 (SI units).

Cosmic photon/proton ratio,

*S*= 109 (SI units).Permittivity of free space, [FONT=Times New Roman]ε [/FONT]= 8.85 x 10-12 (SI units).

Electromagnetic fine structure constant, [FONT=Times New Roman]α [/FONT]= 7.30 x 10-3 (SI units).

Weak fine structure constant, [FONT=Times New Roman]α[/FONT]w = 3.05 x 10-12 (SI units).

Gravitational fine structure constant [FONT=Times New Roman]α[/FONT]G = 5.90 x 10-39 (SI units).

__New Proofs for the Existence of God: Contributions of Contemporary Physics and Philosophy__by Robert J. Spitzer